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Parables Of JesusThe Gospel Of Saint Matthew

Parable Of The Two Sons

Audio Bible - parables - two sons
Matthew 21: 28-32

28 ¶ But what think ye? A certain man had two sons; and he came to the first, and said, Son, go work to day in my vineyard.
29 He answered and said, I will not: but afterward he repented, and went.
30 And he came to the second, and said likewise. And he answered and said, I go, sir: and went not.
31 Whether of them twain did the will of his father? They say unto him, The first. Jesus saith unto them, Verily I say unto you, That the publicans and the harlots go into the kingdom of God before you.
32 For John came unto you in the way of righteousness, and ye believed him not: but the publicans and the harlots believed him: and ye, when ye had seen it, repented not afterward, that ye might believe him.

The parable of the two sons is clearly, and explicitly, an attack by Jesus upon the chief priests and the elders of the Jewish people. In the parable, Jesus places before the Jewish authorities an astonishingly blunt analogy of their rejection of God the Father and of Jesus. There is no room for quibbling or intellectual sophistry here: one son does what his father wants; the other says he will and then doesn’t.

The scribes and the Pharisees boast of their faithfulness to God’s Law. They ostentatiously parade their sanctimony, visibly and publicly adopting the elaborated trappings of the Law, indeed they are sticklers for the ritual observances of the Law, and yet their religiosity is hollow; they serve themselves, they line their own pockets, they relish their status and authority; they are far from loving adherence to God. They say they will go to work in the vineyard, and yet they do not.

The first son whom the father approaches initially refuses to serve him. Then he repents. Having sinned, he experiences a change of heart and goes to do the work his father has asked of him. Jesus is saying to all of us: It doesn’t matter if you have sinned; I came to call you. When we repent of our past refusals of the will of the Father, when we leave behind that past frame of mind and give ourselves to what God wants us to be and do, then God’s forgiveness is ours and it is total.

The prostitutes and tax collectors (publicans) heard the call to righteousness proclaimed by John the Baptist, and Jesus sits down to dinner with them and they hear him. And so then, when they have repented, their past doesn’t matter any more; they are with God and the kingdom of heaven can now be theirs. Not so the scribes and the Pharisees.

It is as if, by hanging out with those beyond legitimate ‘good’ society, by rejecting the social mores of the day and by opening himself up to the accusation of his being a glutton and a wine-bibber, Jesus has pointed a finger at established authorities, at orthodoxy, and has stretched out his arms instead to human-kind. It is as if Jesus has said, when the rules of your society are wrong, when your society is wrong, then reject those rules and reject that society. Perhaps he found those on the edge to be the least contaminated, even as they seemed most to sin, and so most ready for renewal in the Blood of the Lamb.

‘It belongs to God to help us and deliver us from all trouble… God protects the humble man and delivers him; the humble he loves and consoles; to the humble he inclines himself; on the humble he bestows abundant grace; and, after he has been brought low, he raises him up to glory. To the humble man he reveals his secrets, and sweetly draws and invites him to himself.’ The Imitation of Christ